Essentials Of Unification Thought
The Head-Wing Thought
II. A Being with Divine Character
A. A Being With Heart
Heart (or Shimjung) 3 is the emotional impulse to seek joy through love; it is the source of love and the core of God's character. Therefore, in human beings as well, the core of their original nature is Heart, and they are beings with Heart.
When human beings come to inherit God's Heart, they feel a strong desire to love everyone and everything. Not to do so would cause their heart to feel a great deal of pain. Fallen persons find it difficult to love others, but once they become one with God's Heart, their lives are transformed into love itself. Also, if love is there, those who have many possessions cannot but share with those who have less. In this way, the gap between the haves and have-nots, the rich and the poor-in other words, the reality of exploitation in the world-comes to naturally disappear. Such would be the results of the balancing function of love. That human beings are beings with Heart means that they live a life of love. Therefore, one can conclude that the human being is Homo Antans a loving person, or a person of love.
Heart is the core of the human personality. Therefore, that human beings are beings with Heart means that they are individuals of personality. Such a person's spirit mind and physical mind engage in harmonious give-and-receive action centering on Heart, and their faculties of intellect, emotion, and will are equally developed in a balanced way, centering on Heart.
In fallen persons, the function of the spirit mind is often weak and dominated by the physical mind. For example, some people may have a well-developed reason yet lack emotional maturity or sufficient will power to do good. On the other hand, if a person inherits God's Heart and becomes a being with Heart, that person's intellect, emotion, and will develop in a well-balanced way, and the spirit mind will have dominion over the physical mind as they engage in harmonious give-and-receive action.
Furthermore, Heart is the driving force that stimulates the faculties of intellect, emotion, and will, and is the basis for the values of truth, beauty, and goodness. Intellect is the faculty to cognize, and it pursues the value of "truth"; emotion is the faculty to feel joy, anger, sorrow, happiness, and so forth, and it pursues the value of "beauty"; will is the faculty to determine one's mind, and it pursues the value of "goodness." Originally, all of these should function on the basis of motivation from Heart. If one pursues truth through intellectual activity, the result will be the knowledge of science, philosophy, and so on. If one pursues beauty through emotional activity, the result will be art. If one pursues goodness through volitional activity, the result will be morality, ethics, and so on. Politics, economics, law, the media, sports, and so on, these are the results of intellectual, emotional, and volitional activities. The totality of these intellectual, emotional, and volitional activities is culture. This is illustrated in Fig. 3-1.
In this way, Heart is the driving force of cultural activities. Therefore, culture, in its original meaning, should be culture of Heart. That is what true culture is all about. The culture of heart, which God originally intended to realize through Adam, was the "Adam culture." Since Adam and Eve fell, however, the culture of Heart was not realized; instead, cultures based on self-centeredness or cultures in which the intellect, emotion, and will are separated from one another) have been established.
Fig. 3-1: The relationship between Mind, Value, and Culture, centered on Heart
For example, in economic activity until today, making money has been the supreme purpose. In the original world, however, if someone were to live in isolated affluence while others lived in poverty, that person could not but be stricken by pain in the heart. Thus, those who earned a great deal of money would naturally want to give some of it to their neighbors or to society. In other words, people would feel like actualizing God's love through their economic activities. Not only in the economy, but also in other fields, people would want to actualize God's love. Thus, the culture of heart would be established.
To date, humankind has tried in many different ways to actualize the true culture, but all attempts have failed. The reason is that people did not know what the true culture is supposed to be like, The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution in China was one example. The leaders of that revolution attempted to build a culture based on labor, in accordance with materialistic dialectic, but their efforts resulted only in the disregard for human nature and the delay of modernization. The true culture is a culture centered on Heart. The new cultural revolution advocated by the Reverend Sun Myung Moon aims precisely at the establishment of the culture of Heart.
At this point, it may be opportune to elaborate on the concepts of culture and civilization. The sum total of the results or intellectual, emotional, and volitional activities, when considered from the material aspects of those results, is called, "civilization"; and when considered from the spiritual aspects of those results (religion, art, and so on), it is called "culture." Since, however, it is difficult clearly to distinguish the spiritual aspects from the material aspects, these two terms are generally used in the same meaning. Therefore, in Unification Thought as well, "culture" and "civilization" are used in the same meaning.
B. A Being with Logos
The universe was created through Logos and performs its movements in accordance with Logos. Human beings, also were created through Logos, and their life must be in accordance with Logos. Thus, the human being is a being with Logos.
Logos is a multiplied body that came into being through give-and-receive action between God's Inner Sungsang and Inner Hyungsang centered on purpose. Since "reason" plays a specially important role in the Inner Sungsang and "law" plays an equally important role in the Inner Hyungsang, Logos is the unity of reason and law 'hence the term "reason-law." Therefore, a being with Logos is a being with reason-law. Since the characteristic feature of reason is freedom and the characteristic feature of law is necessity, a "being with Logos" refers to a being in which freedom and necessity are united. This means that human beings are normative beings, living according to laws (or norms), as well as rational beings, behaving according to free will.
Today it is commonly held that since human beings are free, they should not be restricted by any laws or norms. True freedom, however, consists in obeying laws )r more precisely-in willingly observing laws. Freedom that ignores laws is license and brings nothing but destruction. For example, a train, as long as it remains on the tracks, can run rapidly or move slowly, go forward or move backward. If, however, it leaves the tracks, it will not move at all. In other words, the train has freedom only insofar as it remains on the tracks. If it derails, it will destroy itself and may cause damage to people and property.
In like manner, people can enjoy freedom as long as they live in accordance with norms. Confucius said, "(At seventy) I followed my heart's desire without overstepping the line." This is indeed a description of the human being as a being with Logos, in which free will and law are united.
Since human beings are beings with Logos, their original nature is to try to follow the law. The law that we must follow is the law that operates in the entire universe-specifically, it is the Law of Give-and-Receive Action. When Logos was formed in the Original Image, it was motivated by Heart, which is the root of love. Therefore, the law of the universe, originally, is motivated by love, and the purpose of the law is die actualization of love.
As mentioned in the Ontology, the family is the miniature of the orderly system of the cosmos. Therefore, just as the universe has vertical and horizontal order, so the family, likewise, has vertical and horizontal order. The norms that correspond to these two kinds of order are the vertical norm and the horizontal norm. The vertical norm in the family is the norm for the relationship between parents and children. The horizontal norm in the family is the norm for the relationships between brothers and sisters and between husband and wife. Furthermore, in human beings, there are norms for individuals to observe, namely, individual norms. These are the norms for perfecting the personality of each human being as an individual. The vertical norm, horizontal norm, and individual norms will be explained in detail in "Axiology" and "Ethics."
The norms of the family, as mentioned above, can be extended directly to society and nation. Ultimately, the norms of the family form the foundation for the norms to be observed on the levels of society and the nation. Because of the human fall, people have ceased to be beings with Logos. As a result, the breakdown of the family is becoming increasingly noticeable today, and society and nations are in a chaotic situation. When people restore their original nature as beings with Logos, then families, societies, and nations will be able to return to their original, orderly status.
C. A Being with Creativity
God created the universe through creativity and gave human beings the ability to create. Through creativity, then, people have been developing science and art.
God's creativity is based on Heart. In creating the universe, God's Inner Sungsang and Inner Hyungsang engaged in give-and-receive action centering on the purpose established by Heart, and formed the Logos. Furthermore, the Logos and the Original Hyungsang engaged in give-and-receive action centering on purpose, and formed created beings. The ability to form these two-stage developmental four-position bases, namely, the inner developmental four-position base and the outer developmental four-position base, is God's creativity.
Human beings, likewise, first establish the purpose and then make a design, or prepare a plan, to implement that purpose. Next, on the basis of that design or plan, they produce things. God endowed human beings with creativity in order for them to have dominion over the creation with Heart and love. Dominion incorporates the meaning of ruling, managing, processing, protecting, and so on. Hence, the various kinds of activities involving matter, such as primary, secondary, and tertiary industries, as well as the activities to govern society, including politics, art, and science, fall under the activities of having dominion over creation. If human beings had inherited God's creativity completely, they would have been carrying out all of these activities centering on God's Heart and love.
In its original meaning, dominion can be exercised over something only by the person who made that thing; thus, we cannot, by our own will, exercise dominion over something that has been made by someone else. Therefore, human beings cannot, by their own will, exercise dominion over the things of the universe, since those things were created by God. In consequence, it was not possible for God unconditionally to give the things of the universe to humankind, no matter how much He might have wished to do so. In order for human beings to be able to exercise dominion over the things of the universe, they must establish the condition of having helped to create the universe, that is, the condition of having participated in the creation of the universe. When God created the universe, human beings did not exist yet; thus, it is not possible for them actually to have participated in the creation of the universe. Instead of that, God has planned for human beings to be able to participate in the creation of the universe by creating themselves by this is meant that God wanted human beings to grow and perfect themselves through their own responsibility. Human beings are the integration of all things, a microcosm; the value of one human being is equivalent to that of the entire universe. Therefore, if human beings perfect themselves, God is prepared to accept that as a condition of the same value as if they themselves had created the universe.
That is why God directed human beings to perfect themselves, which means to perfect their personalities and to mature their spirit selves. For this, in the process of growth of Adam and Eve, God only gave them the commandment not to eat of the fruit of the tree of knowledge of good and evil-which meant they were not to engage in sexual love before the proper time and He did not interfere with their behavior. The reason was that, if God had interfered, then Adam and Eve could never have been in the position to qualify to have dominion over things. As it happened, Adam and Eve failed to observe God's commandment, and humankind has become unable to obtain the qualifications to exercise dominion over things.
As a result, human beings have become unable to inherit God's creativity, and have come to engage in creative activities based on their reason, which has become self-centered. Thus, in relationships among individuals, people have come to place priority on personal interests; in relationships among families, each family places priority on its own family interests-, in relationships among nations, cacti nation places priority on its own national interests. Thus, for the most part, creative activities have become self-centered. Moreover, people have also become quite unconcerned about what happens to nature. This has caused various kinds of problems, such as destruction of natural resources, pollution, and the development of weapons to destroy human beings.
In order to solve these problems, people must establish the original creativity, which is centered on Heart. Heart, therefore must become the center of creativity, which means that creation takes place motivated by love, and that the activities of creation are performed on the basis of proper values.
Therefore, those who would become scientists, must first become persons of values, or persons of character, before becoming scientists. In other words, ethics must become die basis of natural science.
In the modern age, however, scientists have limited themselves to the pursuit of objective facts, disregarding values of any kind. The result is the miserable situation we see today. To solve this problem, the Reverend Sun Myung Moon sponsors the International Conference on the Unity of the Sciences (ICUS) as an attempt to inspire scientists to begin to deal with values, so that scientists can restore true creativity. The premises of true creativity would require of scientists "to love nature, to reconsider the dignity of human beings, to seek love among all humankind, and to search for God as the origin of love.
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